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Home » Consultancy » Environmental & Sustainability

Environmental & Sustainability

We consult on a variety of environmental issues with a particular focus on life cycle assessment, life cycle costs and risk assessment, resource use and carbon accounting.

We also advise on material recovery/re-use/recycling, chemical migration and emission measurement. Our consultancy in this sector is supported by our home-grown toolset, which can be explored in the Products section of our website.

Sustainable Development and Producer Responsibility Obligations

Sustainable Development and Producer Responsibility Obligations

Producer Responsibility Obligations (PROs) are legislation aimed at reducing waste from packaging. They require organisations meeting certain criteria to take steps to recover and recycle or re-use packaging materials.

The ever-increasing mountain of waste being produced in today's society has been recognised since the early 1990s at national and European level as an issue of critical importance - not only to the environment but to the economy as a whole. The two impacts of excessive waste - resource depletion and disposal - led to the identification by the European Commission of several 'Priority Waste Streams' which included Packaging, End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV) and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE).

The Commission's approach to tackling these problems has been to invoke the widely accepted Polluter Pays Principle and develop regulations which put the onus for recovery and recycling of waste firmly back on the producer's or importer's shoulders - a concept called 'Producer Responsibility' (PR). Regulations covering packaging waste were established in 1994 under the Packaging Directive 94/62/EC, those for ELV in 2000 (ELV Directive 2000/53/EC) and most recently in March 2003 for waste electrical and electronic equipment under the WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC and the Reduction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC.

Resource Management and Efficiency

Resource Management and Efficiency

Resource management and efficiency describes how the use of resources can be optimised to minimise the environmental burdens of a process. Resources consist of materials and utilities such as steel, polypropylene, electricity and water.

GnoSys has worked on resource management projects including, for example, the potential inclusion of recyclate in place of virgin materials. This has the double benefit of reducing landfill volumes and the quantities of virgin material consumed.

Recovery, Re-Use and Recycling

Recovery, Re-Use and Recycling

Recovery, re-use and recycling are some of the means for reducing environmental impacts of products and services. Key drivers for these methods are found in the Packaging, WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) and ELV (End of Life Vehicles) directives. Each of these directives aims to reduce the amount of waste produced from given sets of waste streams.

Life Cycle Economic and Environmental Assessment and Chain Management

The environmental effects of a product or process and the economic impacts are frequently, inextricably linked. Recognising this, GnoSys Ecometrics has a suite of methods and tools for completing assessments and assisting with decision-taking. Leets is a key part of this toolset and is ideal for supporting large infrastructure projects.

Chain Management of Materials and Products (CHAMP) is a methodology, based on life cycle assessment (LCA) concepts. However, by tracking a material through a lifetime of use and by addressing technical, economic and other criteria as well as environmental considerations, it goes beyond the boundaries of conventional LCA.

Life Cycle Costing

LCC enables examination of the whole life costs associated with infrastructure projects and assets. The intelligence provided by LCC can be used during planning, construction, operation, decommissioning, policy-making and investment appraisal. Key benefits of life cycle costing include:

  • Quantifies uncertainty of total scheme costs.
  • Identifies future liabilities and financial exposure risks.
  • Supports investment decisions with account of construction and operational risks.

For more information about LCC, please look at our Products pages.